Some of the most popular commonly grown mushroom varieties that you'll find in the market or stores today include:
● White button mushrooms ● Crimini mushrooms ● Portobello mushrooms ● Oyster mushrooms ● Beech mushrooms ● Maitake mushrooms ● Critake mushrooms ● King trumpet mushrooms ● Shiitake mushrooms ● Wine cap mushrooms
The Best Mushrooms for CookingAll the mushrooms listed above are edible, but people's preferences differ. Crimini and king trumpet mushrooms are some of the mushrooms most people prefer because of their meaty texture. At the same time, Shiitake has a more delicate texture, making them complement each other well for a delicious meal.
The Easiest Mushrooms to GrowThe easiest to grow mushrooms include Shiitake, wine cap, and oyster mushrooms. Oyster mushrooms are easy to grow because they do well in all kinds of substrates, including coffee grounds which can be sourced for free from local coffee shops and cafés. They can also grow indoors all year round, and even beginners do not find a hard time growing oyster mushrooms.
Shiitake mushrooms can easily be grown outdoors on logs kept under shades and continue to fruit daily after the first flush. They can be grown on sterile sawdust or pasteurized straw when grown indoors. Just like oyster mushrooms, they can also grow all year round indoors.
Winecap mushrooms grow in the ground, making them ideal for growing outdoors. They spread fast and hardy, unlike their counterparts. They thrive on a wide range of substrates, including wood chips, straws, and sawdust.
Now let's take a look at some of the general benefits of mushrooms.
Mushrooms Are Highly NutritiousMushrooms are rich in vitamins B1, B2, B9, B3, and B12. From this list, it's easy to note that the only essential vitamins lacking in mushrooms are B6 and B12. The B-Vitamins found in mushrooms play crucial roles in our bodies, including red blood cell formation, free radical elimination, DNA synthesis, and neural tube closure in the first trimester of pregnancy.
In addition, mushrooms contain vitamin D. Vitamin D is essential in maintaining bone strength and prevents rickets in children and osteoporosis. However, when shopping for mushrooms from your food stores, look for packs marked UVB, which indicate that the mushrooms have been grown outside under direct sunlight. Some varieties are a good source of linoleic acid and selenium, which are essential building blocks of the body.