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  • Educational and Engaging: Ideal for academic research, mycological exploration, or as a special addition to your cultivation projects.

Ice Apple Mushrom (Trichaleurina javanica)

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Trichaleurina javanica, also known as the Ice Apple Mushroom. This species is a recent addition to the mycological literature, distinguished from its close relatives in the Sarcosomataceae family.


Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Pyronemataceae
Genus: Trichaleurina
Species: Trichaleurina javanica

Description and Characteristics

Trichaleurina javanica, or the Ice Apple Mushroom, is a fleshy and rubbery cup-like fungus. It exhibits a brownish-grey color with a brilliant yellowish-orange disc. The mushroom's morphology and coloration are distinctive, setting it apart from other fungi.

Habitat and Distribution

Trichaleurina javanica is a tropical and subtropical species. It has been recently collected and studied in the Saurashtra region of Western India, specifically in the Gir Forest area. This indicates its presence in diverse ecological regions, including tropical dry evergreen forests (TDEF).

Ecological and Biological Significance

The recent phylogenetic studies, as outlined by Carbone et al., have reclassified this mushroom, shedding light on its unique genetic and morphological characteristics. This reclassification is significant for understanding the biodiversity and evolutionary relationships within the Pezizales order.

Culinary and Ethnobotanical Aspects

Interestingly, Trichaleurina javanica is known locally in Malaysia as ‘Mata Rusa’ or ‘Mata Kerbau’ and is consumed and valued in local markets. In India, it's consumed raw by the Oorali tribe of the Sathyamangalam forest. This indicates its importance in local diets and traditional practices.


The molecular identification and DNA barcoding of Trichaleurina javanica mark an important step in fungal taxonomy. This molecular approach helps in accurately identifying
species and understanding their genetic diversity, which is crucial for conservation efforts, especially in regions with rich but underreported fungal diversity like the tropical dry evergreen forests.

Challenges and Future Research

Given the recent reclassification and ongoing studies, Trichaleurina javanica represents an exciting area for future mycological research. Its precise ecological role, potential medicinal properties, and broader distribution remain areas for further exploration. The species' adaptation to tropical and subtropical environments also poses questions about its ecological interactions and resilience in the face of environmental changes.

Trichaleurina javanica, the Ice Apple Mushroom, exemplifies the dynamic and evolving nature of mycological study. Its recent reclassification, unique morphological characteristics, and significance in local diets underscore the importance of continuous research in uncovering the complexities of fungal biodiversity. As mycological exploration advances, especially in biodiverse but understudied regions, we can expect to uncover further insights into species like Trichaleurina javanica, enriching our understanding of the fungal kingdom and its role in various ecosystems.